Authors: Silva, E.T.; Araújo S.A.; Moraes, A.M.; Souza, L.A.; Lourenço, M.C.; De Souza, M.V.N.; Wardell, J.L.; Wardell, S.M.S.V.
Source: Scientia Pharmaceutica, v. 84, p. 467-483, 2016
Publisher: Austrian Pharmaceutical Society
Both sonochemical and classical methodologies have been employed to convert camphor, 1,7,7-trimethylbicyclo[2.2.1]heptan-2-one, C9H16C=O, into a number of derivatives including hydrazones, C9H16C=N-NHAr 3, imines, C9H16C=N-R 7, and the key intermediate nitroimine, C9H16C=N-NO2 6. Reactions of nitroamine 6 with nucleophiles by classical methods provided the desired compounds in a range of yields. In evaluations of activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis, compound 7j exhibited the best activity (minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) = 3.12 µg/mL), comparable to that of the antitubercular drug ethambutol. The other derivatives displayed modest antimycobacterial activities at 25–50 µg/mL. In in vitro tests against cancer cell lines, none of the synthesized camphor compounds exhibited cytotoxic activities.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 1 de Janeiro de 2016