Tuberculosis

 The etiologic agent is Mycobacterium tuberculosis

The etiologic agent is Mycobacterium tuberculosis

 Classification of bacteria due to their cell wall

Classification of bacteria due to their cell wall

 Constituents of Mycobacterium tuberculosis seen by electron microscopy

Constituents of Mycobacterium tuberculosis seen by electron microscopy

 Cell wall of Mycobacterium tuberculosis amplified numerous times by electron microscopy

Cell wall of Mycobacterium tuberculosis amplified numerous times by electron microscopy

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Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious-contagious disease transmitted primarily by air and can reach all organs of the body, but as the bacterium reproduces and develops rapidly in areas of the body with much oxygen, the lung is the main organ struck by disease.

 The sneezing or coughing of an infected person throws in the air about two million bacilli that remain in suspension for hours

The sneezing or coughing of an infected person throws in the air about two million bacilli that remain in suspension for hours

 

PROBLEM OF MODERN BACTERIAL RESISTANCE

 

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  • Of the 100 million annual prescriptions (14 tonnes), 50% are unnecessary.
  • About 60% of the antibiotics used in the USA are used in agriculture (20 tons / year).
  • Currently, about 70% of the bacteria responsible for hospital infections are resistant to at least one commonly used drug.
  • Market that moves around 25 billion dollars.